FANWOOD RAIN GARDEN


Plants native to New Jersey are planted in the rain garden.
Native plants are used since they do not require substantial fertilization,
absorb water more efficiently than turf-style lawns,
and are much easier to maintain than exotic species.

Plant # on Map Common Name Scientific Name Picture Flowering Period Flower color Height Exposure Soil Type National Wetland Indicator
1 Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum
Photo by Erv Evans
N/A, deciduous conifer New growth is a very light green turning to a softer but darker green in summer, fall color is a rich brown 50-70 feet No sites in which this tree couldn't grow well except for high pH soils Moist, well-drained OBL
11 Bee Balm Monarda didyma
July-August Vibrant red, white, purple, and lavendar up to 4 feet Full sun to partial shade Sandy loam, moist, well- drained UPL, FAC
21 Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium
August-November Creamy-white Up to 10 feet Full sun to full shade Moist, well-drained soil but easily adapts to poor soils FACU
19 Blue Flag Iris Iris versicolor
Late spring - Early summer All but Orange Up to 4 feet Full sun to partial shade Sandy loam, moist, well drained OBL
12 Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis
July-September Red 2-4 feet Full sun to partial shade, grows best in filtered light Clay to sandy loams FACW
8 Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum
Photo by John Hilty
June-September White 2-7 feet Full sun to partial shade Sandy loam FACU, FACW
18 False Blue Indigo Baptisia australis
Photo by Cristina Orci
April-June Blue 3-5 feet Full sun Well-drained, tolerates poor and sandy FACU
13 Garden Phlox Phlox paniculata
Photo by Missouriplants.com
July-September White, Purple, Red, and Lavendar up to 6 feet Full sun to partial shade Sandy loam, moist, well drained FACU
10 Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum
Photo by Tim McDowell
March-May White 10-12 feet Full sun to full shade Rich soil with ample moisture FAC, FACW
9 Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum
July-September Pink 2-12 feet Full sun to partial shade Moist, well- drained FAC
22 Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris
May-June Yellow 8-24 inches Full sun to partial shade Moist OBL
16 Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana
Photo by David Graper
June-August Pink 1-4 feet Full sun to partial shade Rich, moist, acidic soil FAC
20 Shasta Daisy Chrysanthemum maximum
Photo by Linda Brazaitis
June-July White 1-3 feet Full sun to partial shade Moist, well-drained FAC
15 Shrubby Cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa
June-November Yellow 1-4 feet Sunny area which receives light shade in the hottest part of the day to prevent the flower color from fading Well-drained, prefers deep and rich, tolerates poor and sandy FAC, FACW
25 Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale
Photo by Kip Ladage
August-November Yellow 2-6 feet Full sun Moist, sandy loam FACW, OBL
2 Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum
Photo by NC Native Plant Society
June-September White 40-60 feet Partial shade & partial sun All conditions FACU
5 Spicebush Lindera benzoin
Photo by Ginger Webb
March Bright Red Drupes 6-12 feet Full sun to partial shade Well-drained FACW
17 Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata
Photo by Linda Brazaitis
June-August Pink 2-4 feet Full sun Moist FACW, OBL
23 Turk's Cap Lily Lilium superbum
July-September Orange and yellow with darker spots sometimes reddish and white, with a green star in the center Up to 10 feet Shaded areas Moist FACW
3 Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica
Photo by Brent Smith
March-May Pink 8-30 inches Full sun to partial shade Moist FAC, FACW
6 White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum
Photo by Paul Elliott
July-October White 4-6 feet Shaded areas All conditions UPL, FAC
14 Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis
Photo by M. Aspaker
May-July Red 1-3 feet Full sun to partial shade All conditions FAC, FACW
Illustration Credit: Mary Vaux Walcott Illustrations, http://www.swsbm.com/Images/Walcott.html
National Wetland Indicator Key:
Obligate Wetland (OBL) plants that nearly always (more than 99% of the time) occur in wetlands under natural conditions
Facultative Wetland (FACW) plants that usually occur in wetlands (from 67 to 99% of the time), but are occasionally found in non-wetlands
Facultative (FAC) plants that are equally likely to occur in wetlands and non-wetlands and are found in wetlands from 34 to 66% of the time
Facultative Upland (FACU) plants that usually occur in non-wetlands (from 67 to 99% of the time), but are occasionally found in wetlands (from 1 to 33% of the time)
Upland (UPL) plants that almost always (more than 99% of the time) occur in non-wetlands under natural conditions
For additional information, please contact Rutgers Cooperative Research and Extension of Union County at (908) 654-9854.